Cello and guitar, two instruments with similar tesselation but each with different techniques. Due to the imbalance that produces the guitar´s sonorous range projection compared with the cello´s one. Low range bowed and plucked strings together were little explored until approximately 20 years ago. Instead of, the usual has been guitar making chamber music as a guitar duo, trio, or quartets. Also, making chamber music with instruments that have different tessitura or do not affect their sound projection. For instance, the duos with Flute, Violin, and Voice, which have an extensive and exciting repertoire. Undoubtedly, the improvement in quality and projection of the guitar building has influenced the guitar´s technique evolution.
Also, nowadays It is a fact that encourages composers to explore and increase the repertoire for cello and guitar. The collection for this conformation, although not very extensive, is very exciting in languages; by including in the dialogues, not only minimalist elements, serials, or twelve-tone, but also elements typical of European or Latin American nationalist music. In the same way, adaptations and arrangements are increasing in parallel to the original works.
Outstanding composers such as Leo Brouwer, Dusan Bogdanovic, Carlo Domeniconi, Atanas Ourkouzounov, Jaime Zénamon, Sergio Assad, Carlos Guinovart, Blas Emilio Atheortua, Jan Freidlin, José Antonio Guerrero, Gerard Drozd, Edwin Guevara Gutiérrez, Gregg Nestor, Francesc Taverna-Bech, Sergio Menem, Jose Galeote, Jorge Miguel Gonzalez Pere Soto, Gloria Villanueva, Ricardo Pauletti and Leonardo Le San, among others have written for this chamber music conformation. And some of them, such as Leo Brouwer, Carles Guinovart, Jaime Zenamon, Francesc Taverna - Bech, Pere Soto, Gloria Villanueva, Jan Freidlin, Ricardo Pauletti, Jorge Miguel Gonzalez, Jose Galeote and Leonardo Le San have dedicated their works to the Duo Villa-Lobos. It is one of the reasons because they are regarded as a primary reference for the different cello and guitar duos around the world.